The Law of Division - Planning after Divorce — Taxes & Planning
- March 2, 2019
- By: Roxanne Alexander, CAIA, CFP®, AIF®, ADPA® - Financial Advisor
Your tax filing status will be your status as of the end of the year. This may cause your taxes to increase or lead to an additional liability. If you are a W2 employee and have been withholding for most of the year based on being married, you may end up under-withholding if you now have to file as single. Married people get more tax breaks, so you could unexpectedly end up forking more over to the government. It is possible that you have been making estimated payments for that year; if so, who gets the benefit?
Also, if mortgage interest and property taxes were paid for that year, who gets to use the deductions? It is important to discuss these things up front as they can trigger audits if they are deducted on both tax returns. This is especially true with listing dependents — if both spouses list the same child as a dependent, you can get in trouble with the IRS.
Retirement assets do not have the same value as after-tax assets — this should be kept in mind when splitting up assets. Uncle Sam owns a share of IRA and retirement accounts.
Work with your accountant/CPA to make sure these items are handled correctly.
Financial Plan and Investment Allocation
After your divorce, can your plan work separately?
If one spouse does not work and lives on alimony, you have likely cut your income considerably while increasing expenses to support a spouse — paying for one household may change to paying for two households. Income in retirement may also decrease with respect to pensions and social security income.
If your income is significantly less than your spouse, you are going to need to re-evaluate your budget and goals. Who is responsible for the children’s education? What goals do you now have as a single person?
Having a budget for each spouse and knowing what each person needs to survive alone should be calculated. There is no point in keeping a home or property you cannot afford to support alone.
You may have done a risk analysis with your spouse and come up with an investment allocation together. At this point your risk tolerance has possibly changed significantly or may be different from your collective results. You may need to go through this process again, which could lead to a change in your overall asset allocation.