What are digital assets and do I need to include them in my estate plan?

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How many password-protected accounts do you have? The current crisis we are all going through has prompted many of our clients to review their estate plans. As part of their review, the topic of digital assets has commonly surfaced. Many fail to take this part of their life into account when putting a plan together. This gap in your planning can make a seemingly clean transition turn into a digital nightmare for your family.

If you keep a mental inventory, use a password manager, or have a written record of your passwords (which by the way is not recommended by anyone), take a quick count of all your digital accounts. You’re likely to find you may have some or all of the below types of accounts:

·        Email accounts

·        Online bank accounts

·        Online brokerage accounts

·        Online shopping accounts

·        Online bill paying

·        Social media accounts

·        Photo and video sharing accounts

·        Gaming accounts

·        Online storage accounts

·        A website or blog

·        A domain name

·        Materials and coding that are copyrighted

These are digital assets. They are part of your virtual life, as is any digital property you own, such as computers, external drives, storage devices, smart phones, digital cameras, e-readers, and other devices.

Digital assets should be part of your estate plan

Unless you live off the grid, it’s likely your digital life will outlive you and become part of your legacy. Your digital assets may even have significant financial or personal value for your heirs. Consequently, you should give some thought as to how these assets should be managed after your death.

The catch is that digital estate planning can be tricky. Many digital accounts and assets cannot be transferred to a new owner because they are not actually your property. Assets that fall into this category are subject to contracts and licensing agreements established with the service provider.

For example, if you’ve spent significant sums accumulating a virtual music library, you may not be able to pass this on through a will or another estate planning tool because you do not own the digital music files, according to Nolo.com. This may also be true with other types of accounts.

According to experts, “Social network accounts, domain name registrations, email accounts, and most other types of online accounts are ‘yours’ by license only. When you die, the contract is over and the business that administers the account then controls what happens to it,”

However, this doesn’t mean you have no control over what happens to these accounts. Your estate can leave instructions about account management and so you should provide a complete record for your executor. Here are some of the best recommendations from legal professionals:

1.      Check the account providers’ Terms of Service/Terms of Use. Work with your estate planning attorney and the digital executor you’ve appointed to review the requirements for your different types of accounts. For example:

·        Leave usernames and passwords for any online financial accounts—banking, utilities, brokerage, mortgage, retirement plan, life insurance, tax preparation, or others—to the executor as they will need this information to pay bills, close accounts, and administer your estate.1

·        Social media companies have diverse policies regarding the management of digital assets upon the death of the user. Some delete or deactivate accounts after being notified of a death. Others put accounts into ‘memorial’ status.

·        In general, companies will not know about the death until they’re notified. As a result, a digital executor who is armed with passwords may be able to access your account to post final updates, delete items (per estate instructions), or delete/deactivate accounts.

·        Email accounts, online communities, and blog management may also be guided by provider agreements. However, your executor may be allowed to notify your friends or followers of your death and then delete, print, or archive your communications.

·        Digital photos that are stored online may be passed on through a will or another estate planning tool.

·        If you have one or more websites, domain names may have value and they may be transferrable.

·        If you have an online store, you may want to leave instructions about what should happen to the store, the items for sale, and any income or profits that may continue to arrive.

2.      Add language regarding digital assets to your will and/or trust. Currently, there is no uniform federal law to guide the management of digital assets. At the start of 2017, Kiplinger reported, “Federal law regulating access to digital property does not yet exist. At this time, 29 states have established legislation or laws to protect digital assets and to provide a deceased person’s family procedures and rights to manage those accounts and assets after death.”

Regardless, it can still be a good idea to include language that specifies your wishes for the treatment of each of your digital accounts.

3.      Check the law in your state. Talk with your attorney or advisor about what laws your state has that apply to digital assets, and make sure your estate plan is consistent with these laws.

While estate and inheritance laws are behind the curve when it comes to digital assets, it’s important to make an inventory of your digital assets and decide how they should be managed upon your death. If you would like additional information about estate planning, please give us a call.

Additionally, I invite you to check out my colleagues book “The Family Information Organizer: Your Planner for any emergency, disaster or loss of a loved one.” This book is a handy tool to help you keep track of all your essential information; for a free copy click the following link: http://www.ek-ff.com/organizer.pdf




https://www.legalzoom.com/articles/what-happens-to-your-digital-assets-when-you-die https://www.kiplinger.com/article/retirement/T021-C032-S014-put-digital-assets-in-your-estate-plan.html